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What are the UK rights to trial by jury?
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What are the UK rights to trial by jury?

I've got a 200 word general studies essay to do on the rights to trial by jury and i've tried the internet and cant find enough information. please help :]







arbiter
Summary - magistrates court only indictable - Crown Court with Jury triable either way - either but I think the defendant still has the choice (although if the magistrates think their sentencing power is not enough they can remit to Crown Court for sentencing) Be cautious about using information from the US answer - there are likely to be some differences see the links for some more info (do they really call 200 word an essay these days?)


norbor
A jury trial (or trial by jury) is a legal proceeding in which a jury either makes a decision or makes findings of fact which are then applied by a judge. It is distinguished from a bench trial, in which a judge or panel of judges make all decisions. English common law and the United States Constitution recognize the right to a jury trial to be a fundamental civil liberty or civil right that allows the accused to choose whether to be judged by judges or a jury. The use of jury trials evolved within common law systems rather than civil law systems. Jury trials are of far less importance (or of no importance) in countries that do not have a common law system. Juries usually weigh the evidence and testimony to determine questions of fact, while judges usually rule on questions of law. Juries usually weigh the evidence and testimony to determine questions of fact, while judges usually rule on questions of law, although the dissenting justices of the Supreme Court case Sparf et al. v. U.S. 156 U.S. 51 (1895), generally considered the pivotal case concerning the rights and powers of the jury, declared: “It is our deep and settled conviction, confirmed by a re-examination of the authorities … that the jury, upon the general issue of guilty or not guilty in a criminal case, have the right, as well as the power, to decide, according to their own judgment and consciences, all questions, whether of law or of fact, involved in that issue.” Jury determination of questions of law, sometimes called jury nullification, cannot be overturned by a judge if doing so would violate legal protections against double jeopardy. Although a judge can throw out a guilty verdict if it was not supported by the evidence, a jurist has no authority to override a verdict that favours a defendant. There has been much debate about the advantages and disadvantages of the jury system, the competence or lack thereof of jurors as fact-finders, and the uniformity or capriciousness of the justice they administer. The jury has been described as "an exciting and gallant experiment in the conduct of serious human affairs." Trial by jury originated in Ancient Greece. Read more on this web site: http://wapedia.mobi/en/Jury_trial


JZD
You have the right to trial by Jury in any case where the likely period of imprisonment exceeds 6 months. There is no ability to challenge jurors (except for obvious reasons like she's the mum of the victim or something) or select them. That's about it.







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